Sunday, February 20, 2011

Revelation Commentary, From a Handyman? Part Nine

Revelation 6
1And I saw when the Lamb opened one of the seals, and I heard, as it were the noise of thunder, one of the four beasts saying, Come and see.
2And I saw, and behold a white horse: and he that sat on him had a bow; and a crown was given unto him: and he went forth conquering, and to conquer.
3And when he had opened the second seal, I heard the second beast say, Come and see.
4And there went out another horse that was red: and power was given to him that sat thereon to take peace from the earth, and that they should kill one another: and there was given unto him a great sword.
5And when he had opened the third seal, I heard the third beast say, Come and see. And I beheld, and lo a black horse; and he that sat on him had a pair of balances in his hand.
6And I heard a voice in the midst of the four beasts say, A measure of wheat for a penny, and three measures of barley for a penny; and see thou hurt not the oil and the wine.
7And when he had opened the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth beast say, Come and see.
8And I looked, and behold a pale horse: and his name that sat on him was Death, and Hell followed with him. And power was given unto them over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with sword, and with hunger, and with death, and with the beasts of the earth.
9And when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held:
10And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?
11And white robes were given unto every one of them; and it was said unto them, that they should rest yet for a little season, until their fellowservants also and their brethren, that should be killed as they were, should be fulfilled.
12And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood;
13And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind.
14And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.
15And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains;
16And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb:
17For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?

Folks, we all should know who the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse are. Even those not well studied in the Bible or even Christian should understand the gist of this. I'm not going to be redundant or bore you with the details, but I will recap how they apply to today's world to the best of my understanding. There are seven seal judgements in all, with the last being a prelude to the trumpet judgements and finally, the bowl or vial ones. The first four seals deal with the Four Horsemen and while one may argue that one person may be the first, I'm going more for the effect and not the person per se. I will say that the first horseman has not arrived as of yet, so the others can't be here yet either. This stuff happens in order and not in some haphazard fashion. No, I do not believe that George Soros, Justin Bieber, Prince William or even Gary Coleman is the guy on the first horse. Obviously this is a person of some political stature because of the crown. This person has a bow, but no arrows are made mention of. I imagine there will be some coercion and deception involved, but little if any military action involved in this conquering. It's also common knowledge that when a leader arrived on a white horse, it was because he conquered a city or nation.
But in verse four, we see that all isn't well in the Global Village, because peace (or the aura of peace anyway) is taken from the earth. You can call this World War Three, Gog Magog, or whatever, but it will be because someone feels this world leader has cut them a raw deal and decides to rebel. Obviously, the world leader "saves" the day and puts this down with force. This is why the second rider has a sword.
Verse five and six deal with another horseman. This guy has a set of weights and balances in one hand. In my eighth grade science class, we used balances a lot to measure the mass of something that needed precision. Not too long ago, even illegal drugs were measured on these devices before electronic scales accurate enough for such precise measurements became the norm. The fact that balances are being used to measure food and not gold is telling here. It means that food is going to be scarce.
Now this is where I have to question the King James Version a bit. A penny doesn't mean a whole lot to most of us now, because we can't even get a piece of candy for that now. So on the surface, this would seem a heck of a deal. Back in the day though, this was a big deal because a penny was a day's wages for most of the townsfolk. Of course the penny wasn't the small unit of measurement in 17th century England either. There were ha'pennies and farthings as well, but our current monetary system has made this archaic. All you need to know is that this is a days wages. Another beef is the word "measure", but this should probably translate into a quart or liter in modern times. My wife made bread today and used about 3 cups of flour to make one loaf of bread in the machine, but I imagine a loaf at the grocery store will use about a dry quart, or four cups. Wheat is more desired and therefore going to be more scarce than barley, which will be three quarts for a days wages.
This is going to get ugly trying to eat, much less pay the house payment and utilities when this crisis hits. One quart of wheat will feed you, three quarts will feed a family. You do the math.
Famine and wars will lead to the fourth horseman and that guy is death. There will be starvation, sickness and the unrest that will cause people to die. Even though prices are high for food and everything else right now. I don't believe these horsemen have arrived yet. This will not happen until after Christ removes His church, but it doesn't mean the church won't experience a little taste of it. Love in Christ.

Revelation Commentary, From a Handyman? Part Eight

Revelation 5
1And I saw in the right hand of him that sat on the throne a book written within and on the backside, sealed with seven seals.
2And I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice, Who is worthy to open the book, and to loose the seals thereof?
3And no man in heaven, nor in earth, neither under the earth, was able to open the book, neither to look thereon.
4And I wept much, because no man was found worthy to open and to read the book, neither to look thereon.
5And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.
6And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth.
7And he came and took the book out of the right hand of him that sat upon the throne.
8And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four and twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps, and golden vials full of odours, which are the prayers of saints.
9And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation;
10And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.
11And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and the beasts and the elders: and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands;
12Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing.
13And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, be unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever.
14And the four beasts said, Amen. And the four and twenty elders fell down and worshipped him that liveth for ever and ever.

When I went to Sunday school, we were always told about this book with seven seals in it. For the longest time, I thought this was the Bible itself, but this isn't the case. Long before bookbinding, there were scrolls that were sealed to protect their contents from prying eyes. In fact removing a seal off of a scroll not meant for you could result in a death sentence. So if you weren't worthy to open the seals, you weren't able to open the scroll and look inside.
This scroll is the title deed to the earth itself and as we all know, or should know that Satan is the rightful owner of this planet because Adam and Eve chose sin over the Lord. We were supposed to be gods of this earth, but because we sinned, we made Satan of that title (this upsets my mom to no end when I say this, but it does me too).
Because no one was worthy to open these seals, John was upset and given the state of the planet who could blame him. However, in verse 5, one of the elders told John that the Lion of Judah and the Root of David was worthy to open these seven seals. So what's with the lamb with seven horns and seven eyes that looked as if it had been slain. That lamb is Christ Himself and the seven horns are His perfect and final authority (horns are used as a symbol for power or authority throughout the book and the Bible). The fact that this Lamb as seven eyes also shows His perfect vision and knowledge (seven is the number of perfection).
Now I'm not really planning on seeing a literal lamb with seven horns and seven eyes opening a scroll, but I do intend on seeing Jesus opening each and every seal to reclaim the earth. I also intend to be falling on my face every chance I can to love and worship Him. Love in Christ.

Friday, February 18, 2011

Revelation Commentary, From a Handyman? Part Seven

Now that we're in Revelation chapter four, thing begin to get a little more exciting. For the first three chapters, Christ Jesus talks about the church. The focus of this chapter is going to be about the goings on in Heaven. The scene involves 24 elders, who this writer believes are representative of the church. The living creatures are representative of the gospels, but are most likely real live beings in Heaven right this minute. They could also represent the power, strength, vision and wisdom of the Lord. This is my interpretation and should not be taken as gospel truth, pun intended.

What I do see as gospel truth is 4:1 where the angel tells John to "come up here." This is one and only one of many indicators of the rapture that's going to happen to Christians before the seven year period called the Tribulation starts. If there wasn't going to be a rapture, there would be no need to talk about the judgement from this perspective and no need to call John up there to see. I know there are a lot of those who would disagree with me, vehemently, but I'm not backing down on it. Neither will I cow to remarks of heresy or other questioning of my faith. The devil has been working overtime to divide the church, and I'm stating my stand. I will be more than happy to explain this on the way up, but I respect your viewpoint. Please respect mine and don't flame this or any other post or I will block you.

Revelation 4
1After this I looked, and, behold, a door was opened in heaven: and the first voice which I heard was as it were of a trumpet talking with me; which said, Come up hither, and I will shew thee things which must be hereafter.

2And immediately I was in the spirit: and, behold, a throne was set in heaven, and one sat on the throne.

3And he that sat was to look upon like a jasper and a sardine stone: and there was a rainbow round about the throne, in sight like unto an emerald.

4And round about the throne were four and twenty seats: and upon the seats I saw four and twenty elders sitting, clothed in white raiment; and they had on their heads crowns of gold.

5And out of the throne proceeded lightnings and thunderings and voices: and there were seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God.

6And before the throne there was a sea of glass like unto crystal: and in the midst of the throne, and round about the throne, were four beasts full of eyes before and behind.

7And the first beast was like a lion, and the second beast like a calf, and the third beast had a face as a man, and the fourth beast was like a flying eagle.

8And the four beasts had each of them six wings about him; and they were full of eyes within: and they rest not day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy, LORD God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come.

9And when those beasts give glory and honour and thanks to him that sat on the throne, who liveth for ever and ever,

10The four and twenty elders fall down before him that sat on the throne, and worship him that liveth for ever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne, saying,

11Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created.

Revelation Commentary, From a Handyman? Part Six

Today, I realize we're probably late in the hour as far as prophesy is concerned. Anything I write past this point is doing to be taking place soon enough from the looks of it. Understanding this, any commentary I write will be wrong. Bet on it. But if it's right, remember that this is interpretation and not prophesy in and of itself. Today, I'm going to wrap up the churches with particular attention to the last church, the church of Laodicea.

Revelation 3
1And unto the angel of the church in Sardis write; These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars; I know thy works, that thou hast a name that thou livest, and art dead.

2Be watchful, and strengthen the things which remain, that are ready to die: for I have not found thy works perfect before God.

3Remember therefore how thou hast received and heard, and hold fast, and repent. If therefore thou shalt not watch, I will come on thee as a thief, and thou shalt not know what hour I will come upon thee.

4Thou hast a few names even in Sardis which have not defiled their garments; and they shall walk with me in white: for they are worthy.

5He that overcometh, the same shall be clothed in white raiment; and I will not blot out his name out of the book of life, but I will confess his name before my Father, and before his angels.

6He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.

7And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth;

8I know thy works: behold, I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it: for thou hast a little strength, and hast kept my word, and hast not denied my name.

9Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship before thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee.

10Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth.

11Behold, I come quickly: hold that fast which thou hast, that no man take thy crown.

12Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: and I will write upon him my new name.

13He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.

14And unto the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write; These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God;

15I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot.

16So then because thou art lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will spue thee out of my mouth.

17Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked:

18I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and that the shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see.

19As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.

20Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me.

21To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne.

22He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.

The church of Sardis is the dead church. This where the people are following through the motions, but are dead because they don't glorify the Lord. More importantly, they aren't watching for Him. Does this remind you of a lot of those in the body of Christ? It does with me.

Philadelphia means the city of brotherly love and this church is one of the two that Christ doesn't find fault with. Despite dealing with all the phonies, this church has held true to to Christ, and are watching for Him (waiting for His Kingdom). They will be spared from the "hour" of temptation that will come upon the earth (the tribulation).

Laodicea is hard to pronounce and even more difficult to understand. This was a city in Asia Minor (now Turkey) that was renowned for their eye salve. This is why Christ made mention of their spiritual blindness. He also admonished them for being lukewarm and wanting to spew them out of his mouth. Think about this for a moment. I like a nice hot cup of coffee, and even a glass of iced beverage of the same is yummy and refreshing, but lukewarm? It's not good. We refuse to drink lukewarm anything unless we're really thirsty. This is the point that Christ is making about Christians in general. We claim to be His, but shy away from reading the Bible or preaching the gospel. Most of us live as closet Christians. Most will openly disagree with the Bible as the Word of God, or try to convolute it to suit their own morality. This is disgusting and frustrating to someone trying to reach the lost when many refuse to be the part. Soon I believe there will be no room to be lukewarm as the cost will be too great.
Love in Christ

Saturday, February 12, 2011

Fixing a Low Heat on an American Standard (unusual).

Few things can frustrate a technician, and an anxious homeowner more than a furnace that should be running fine, but instead is putting out 90 degree air when it's below freezing outside. Last evening I had to go to a house out in Dansville because this owner's furnace wasn't keeping up. He did have a 1600 square foot house with vaulted ceilings and a ten foot high basement, which was uninsulated. The house itself was well insulated and the homeowner had said this problem was very recent, within the last few days. The furnace in question is an AUX060, so it's 60,000 B.T.U.s. Not blistering, but plenty adequate to heat a house of this size. The duct work and runs were in good order and well-balanced (the dampers were adjusted right). The filter was clean and so was the blower wheel, but if these were dirty, the heat output would be too high not too low. The furnace was started and the burners came alive with a "pop". I checked the heat rise and it about 25 degrees Fahrenheit, or about 14 Celsius. This was by checking the return air temperature against the discharge temperature from the supply side. The difference is the heat rise. I needed 30 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit, the former being the minimum and the latter being the maximum.
So, I checked the venting, inducer, and finally the manifold pressure. This was set to 10 inches of water column on low fire. I gasped in disbelief; apparently, the last tech who put the gas valve on didn't set the manifold for low fire correctly and could have damaged the heat exchanger. Since this is an LP furnace, I set the manifold to 6 inches for low fire. The high fire was set to ten, which was correct. Cycling the furnace revealed that although the gas came on, it didn't start the burners. The ignitor was at 15 ohm and I cleaned the flame sensor. Still no luck and the homeowner was getting anxious.
Without a word, I removed the manifold from the burner box, removed the ignitor and the burners. These were dirty and the runners too close together and corroded. I cleaned these out and spread the runners apart to the thickness of a dime. After that put them back in and started it up. The burners started smoothly and another unexpected result ensued, the furnace was warm again. Apparently, the dirt in the burners and runners was enough to cause the last tech to turn up the gas pressure on the valve to get these to light. Because this particular model has what I affectionately call a "three handed" burner design, the burners are a bit of a pain to get back together. Most techs avoid doing this as a result. I pull the whole burner box out on these ones to make it easier. All I do is turn this box upside down and put the burner in; no problem.

Sunday, February 6, 2011

Wiring Slow Operating Valves on a Geothermal Heat Pump.

With the costs of fuel (any fuel) still heading skyward, the idea of "free" energy from the ground is a reality more and more households are cutting their teeth on. Geothermal systems cost upwards of $7000 to $20000 depending on the features and if this is an open (pump and dump) or a closed loop system. Because closed loop systems require a lot of plumbing run in the ground, these are very expensive, especially for someone changing from another fuel type (In the city, with a municipal water supply you will HAVE to use a closed loop per codes if they even permit a geothermal heat pump at all. This system will dump water in the sewer system if installed open loop). For those in the country or a private well, an open loop or pump and dump makes sense. The cost is relatively low and there's a lot less plumbing to get it going. Pump and dumps use water from the well to either extract or absorb heat from the ground. This is because most groundwater is about 55 degrees and even though it seems cold in the winter, has quite a bit of heat (even frozen water has heat, but would never make it through the system).
This is a pretty simple setup. The heat pump is plumbed into the water supply via pipes with a manual valve on the ingoing side an one or two valves on the outgoing side, depending on whether or not it's single or two stage unit. Two stages will have a straight pipe with a loop attached with a valve on the loop and one on the straightaway. The first stage will always be on the straightaway and the second stage will be on the loop. In theory, the first stage valve will open when the thermostat calls for heat and stay open, even when the thermostat calls for second stage. Simple huh? Otherwise the furnace will shut off on low water flow and the emergency heat will probably come on. Customers hate that.
Now for the disclaimer. I am not responsible for any damage done to your furnace as I am not your boss. You MUST READ the instructions on the valve packaging AND the furnace. Improper wiring or testing methods can cause personal injury and property damage. You MUST determine whether or not this is going to work for your application. Follow any advice at your own risk.
Believe me, I burnt out a control board and a thermostat trying to fix one of these systems and the customer wasn't a happy camper. Shut off the power to the unit before disconnecting or connecting anything and if you must use a voltmeter, please tape the ends so only the very tip is showing. This is so you don't introduce high voltage to a low voltage part or pop a breaker. The geothermal heat pumps I've worked on don't have a fuse for the board (mainly Water Furnace). You've been warned.
Water hammer is the sound made when a valve closes suddenly under high pressure. Copper plumbing seems to be prone to this because there's no give. Because any action will cause a reaction, shutting off a valve quickly will stop the water flow, but not bleed off the energy behind it. This is like a car running into a bridge abutment (hard and sudden) as opposed to having the brakes bleed off the energy in motion (kinetic energy). Slow operating valves limit or eliminate water hammer by opening and closing slowly, bleeding off the energy of the water flow.
But these can be a nightmare to install if you haven't had any instruction on them. Several calls to Water Furnace tech support had me wiring these to the board and contactors, but no dice. The valves didn't open and the furnace wouldn't operate. The written instructions are also unclear on this step and will confound the tech at every turn. Personally, I've no problem with doing the job, but I'm not abreast of the technical jargon either. I've also learned the more complicated you make something, the more likely you are to royally screw it up. Such is the case with this furnace; there was no clear way to wire this beast up.
Or is there? The valves, made by Taco (pronounced Tayco) have orange power heads and three terminals, each marked 1, 2 and 3. There's also a schematic on each valve. Use this schematic to wire them up. Here's how to do it.
What you'll need is enough three or five wire (18 gauge thermostat wire) to reach the valves and the terminals on the board. Three is for single stage and five is for two stage systems. You'll also need three wire nuts for the two stage and none for the single stage.
Take your wire and run it into the furnace and loosely place it where you want it where it's going to away from anything that will damage same. Slit the outer insulation about 8 inches at each end and peel the wires apart as using a stripper on the outer casing will nick the wires. Strip off enough of the inner insulation so you can hook everything up without the bare wires touching each other. Hook the number 1 terminal (s) on the valve (s) to the common or "C" on the board. One wire should suffice for both; use two short pieces and a wire nut to hook up the common wire. Now this is where it gets tricky. Find out which valve is for first stage, hook one end to the number 2 terminal. Hook the other end of this wire to the "Y1" ("Y" if it's a single stage) taken from the board. Then hook another free wire to the 3 terminal on the valve and hook that to the "Y" terminal on the board. Do the same with the stage two valve, using the remaining wires to hook up the 2 terminal to the "Y2" wire from the thermostat and terminal 3 to the "Y2" terminal on the board.
What happens is the thermostat calls for heat, or cooling and sends power to the valve, which opens and sends power to the contactor, which turns the compressor on. Numbers 1 and 2 on the valve actually supply the path to operate the valve, while numbers two and three are connected to a micro switch and no power goes between them. These are known as "dry" contacts for that reason. This wire completes the circuit to the board from the thermostat when valve is finished opening. Viola! it should be pumping heat in no time. Maranatha!